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What is Gastroparesis and can diet improve my symptoms?


Gastroparesis is a condition where there is abnormal gastric motility and delayed gastric emptying (i.e. slower emptying of stomach contents to the intestine).

Often those with this condition experience symptoms one to two hours after eating such as nausea, bloating, vomiting, retching, early satiety, upper abdominal pain, poor appetite and reduced quality of life. Gastroparesis is also more common in diabetics.

Dietary Management:

  • Small frequent meals to allow time for emptying

  • Avoiding foods that slow gastric emptying such as high fat and fibre. Thus low fat (<30% of total daily energy from fat) and lower fibre

  • Reducing particle size such as chewing more or pureeing foods

  • More fluids to help move through the gut quicker

  • Limit carbonated beverages to reduce distension of stomach

  • Limit alcohol that inhibits gastric emptying

  • Remain upright 1-2 hours after meals as gravity can help increase gastric emptying

  • Normalise blood sugar levels (high blood sugar levels can reduce gastric emptying)

  • Nutrition support to restore fluids, electrolytes and high energy high protein to meet nutritional requirements where necessary

Other Management:

  • Antiemetic medications to relieve symptoms of nausea and vomiting

  • Prokinetic medications to stimulate gastric emptying and may improve nausea, vomiting and bloating

  • Psychotropic medications to relieve nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain

  • Botulinum toxin injection of the pylorus to reduce pyloric pressures that delay gastric emptying

  • Gastric electric stimulation implant to moderate gastric contractions reducing vomiting frequency

  • surgical treatment

Book now to see a dietitian to relieve your symptoms and ensure your diet is nutritionally adequate!

Source:

https://www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=7346

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3722580/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15370684

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24901089

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4983777/

Our Recent Posts

Archive

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  • Rebecca Luong

What is Gastroparesis and can diet improve my symptoms?


Gastroparesis is a condition where there is abnormal gastric motility and delayed gastric emptying (i.e. slower emptying of stomach contents to the intestine).

Often those with this condition experience symptoms one to two hours after eating such as nausea, bloating, vomiting, retching, early satiety, upper abdominal pain, poor appetite and reduced quality of life. Gastroparesis is also more common in diabetics.

Dietary Management:

  • Small frequent meals to allow time for emptying

  • Avoiding foods that slow gastric emptying such as high fat and fibre. Thus low fat (<30% of total daily energy from fat) and lower fibre

  • Reducing particle size such as chewing more or pureeing foods

  • More fluids to help move through the gut quicker

  • Limit carbonated beverages to reduce distension of stomach

  • Limit alcohol that inhibits gastric emptying

  • Remain upright 1-2 hours after meals as gravity can help increase gastric emptying

  • Normalise blood sugar levels (high blood sugar levels can reduce gastric emptying)

  • Nutrition support to restore fluids, electrolytes and high energy high protein to meet nutritional requirements where necessary

Other Management:

  • Antiemetic medications to relieve symptoms of nausea and vomiting

  • Prokinetic medications to stimulate gastric emptying and may improve nausea, vomiting and bloating

  • Psychotropic medications to relieve nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain

  • Botulinum toxin injection of the pylorus to reduce pyloric pressures that delay gastric emptying

  • Gastric electric stimulation implant to moderate gastric contractions reducing vomiting frequency

  • surgical treatment

Book now to see a dietitian to relieve your symptoms and ensure your diet is nutritionally adequate!

Source:

https://www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=7346

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3722580/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15370684

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24901089

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4983777/

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