Gut Health Update
Thank you @profwhelan 👨🏻🏫👏🏻 for enlightening us on the current evidence on 🤢🤮😷🤗gut health and sharing this lovely slide on the different microbiome throughout the lifespan. Some takeaways: ♌️Your gut microbiome are influenced by the 3Ds: Diet, drugs and disease. ♌️ We have 38trillion microorganisms in the gut (5,000xworld population) ♌️ Probiotics can add to the population of that probiotic organism in the gut but does not change the overall current microbiome. However, it can potentially change how the gut microbiome responds to external or internal influencers such as bouncing back sooner to previous microbiome after disease. The mechanism in which probiotics benefit the host is still unclear. ♌️ The same probiotic has a different impact on different people. ♌️ Different probiotics have different benefits on specific symptoms or disease. ♌️ A study showed prebiotics can increase bifidobacterium in the gut but nil significant result of an increase from general fibres. ♌️ An observational study showed those on enteral nutrition without developing diarrhoea has higher levels of bifidobacterium at baseline than those who developed diarrhoea. ♌️ Faecalbacterium prausnitzii is associated with longer remission (non-flare up stage) in Crohn’s Disease. ♌️There is some evidence of benefits of VSL 3 on ulcerative colitis. ♌️ Low FODMAP diet can relieve symptoms in IBS. Low FODMAP diet can relieve symptoms of individuals with IBD in remission that still have symptoms (potentially have IBS too) but less prebiotics in the low FODMAP diet can affect the level of faecalibacterium. Gut health is definitely an emerging, exciting and complex area. See a dietitian or gut health professional for the best individualised advice!