Is there a diet for endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition where the tissues that line the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of the uterus. Over time this can create scar tissues which causes the uterus to stick to nearby tissues such as ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, small and large bowel. Symptoms of endometriosis include: painful periods, pain with sex, pelvic pain, ovulation pain, pain in the lower back and thighs, blood clots, bowel symptoms, bladder symptoms, reduced fertility, nausea and lethargy, premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Treatment involves medication to reduce growth of misplaced endometrial cells and/or surgery to remove misplaced endometrial cells.
In terms of diet, for individuals with endometriosis:
Healthy eating in line with the dietary guidelines (Click here).
And on medications affecting appetite --> monitor weight
And bowel symptoms --> could try low FODMAP diet. In a study in 2017 of 160 women with gut symptoms, 72% reported a >50% improvement in bowel symptoms after 4 weeks on the low FODMAP diet. In another study in 2012 of 207 patients, 75% reported an improvement in pain symptoms after 12 months on a gluten-free diet. Selecting ‘gluten-free’ can also mean lower in FODMAPs since some grains containing the gluten protein are also high in FODMAPs. However, there are also some low FODMAP items that are not gluten-free. At the moment a strict gluten-free diet is only recommended to be used as treatment for coeliac disease.
See a dietitian to help with healthy eating and to trial the low FODMAP diet :)
Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28303579 https://www.monashfodmap.com/about-fodmap-and-ibs/frequently-asked-questions/ https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/endometriosis https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23334113