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What does low Glycaemic Index mean and how does it relate to diabetes?

Glycaemic Index (GI) is a ranking of carbohydrate foods according to the rate they are digested and increase blood glucose levels. Simply speaking, all carbohydrates are broken down to glucose in the body. The GI of pure glucose is 100. Low GI (<55) raises blood glucose levels slowly. Medium GI (55-69) raises blood glucose levels a bit faster. High GI (>70) raises blood glucose levels most rapidly. GI is affected by the type of carbohydrate, fat content, ripeness, how it was cooked and fibre content. Toasted bread or frozen and defrosted bread has a lower GI than fresh bread. Wholemeal bread is similar to white bread with a high GI because the grains are broken down unlike wholegrain bread w

Q: Can I have grapefruit when I am taking blood-pressure lowering, cholesterol-lowering or immunosup

No. Grapefruit, pomelo and Seville orange segments/juices/marmalades contains compounds that can increase drug availability. One of the known compounds, called furanocoumarins, inhibits the small intestine enzyme cytochrome P450-3A4 which normally metabolises the drug. This results in increased absorption with potentially toxic overdoses of blood-pressure lowering, cholesterol-lowering and immunosuppressive medications. In addition, grapefruit and pomegranate interact with other drugs. Tip? Do not have grapefruit, pomelo and Seville oranges when having those medications. Read medication labels and ask your health professional for more information! There is a vast variety of fruit so aim to r

What does low Glycaemic Index mean and how does it relate to diabetes?

Glycaemic Index (GI) is a ranking of carbohydrate foods according to the rate they are digested and increase blood glucose levels. Simply speaking, all carbohydrates are broken down to glucose in the body. The GI of pure glucose is 100. Low GI (<55) raises blood glucose levels slowly. Medium GI (55-69) raises blood glucose levels a bit faster. High GI (>70) raises blood glucose levels most rapidly. GI is affected by the type of carbohydrate, fat content, ripeness, how it was cooked and fibre content. Toasted bread or frozen and defrosted bread has a lower GI than fresh bread. Wholemeal bread is similar to white bread with a high GI because the grains are broken down unlike wholegrain bread w

Q: Can I have grapefruit when I am taking blood-pressure lowering, cholesterol-lowering or immunosup

No. Grapefruit, pomelo and Seville orange segments/juices/marmalades contains compounds that can increase drug availability. One of the known compounds, called furanocoumarins, inhibits the small intestine enzyme cytochrome P450-3A4 which normally metabolises the drug. This results in increased absorption with potentially toxic overdoses of blood-pressure lowering, cholesterol-lowering and immunosuppressive medications. In addition, grapefruit and pomegranate interact with other drugs. Tip? Do not have grapefruit, pomelo and Seville oranges when having those medications. Read medication labels and ask your health professional for more information! There is a vast variety of fruit so aim to r

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